Sorafenib Tosylate With or Without Doxorubicin Hydrochloride in Treating Patients With Locally Advanced or Metastatic Liver Cancer


Adult Hepatocellular Carcinoma | Advanced Adult Hepatocellular Carcinoma | BCLC Stage C Adult Hepatocellular Carcinoma | BCLC Stage D Adult Hepatocellular Carcinoma | Localized Non-Resectable Adult Liver Carcinoma | Recurrent Adult Liver Carcinoma

Trial Phase

Phase 3

Trial Purpose and Description

Trial Purpose

This randomized phase III trial studies sorafenib tosylate and doxorubicin hydrochloride to see how well they work compared with sorafenib tosylate alone in treating patients with liver cancer that has spread to nearby tissue or lymph nodes or has spread to other places in the body. Sorafenib tosylate may stop the growth of tumor cells by blocking some of the enzymes needed for cell growth and by blocking blood flow to the tumor. Drugs used in chemotherapy, such as doxorubicin hydrochloride, work in different ways to stop the growth of tumor cells, either by killing the cells or by stopping them from dividing. It is not yet known whether giving sorafenib tosylate together with doxorubicin hydrochloride is more effective than sorafenib tosylate alone in treating liver cancer.

Trial Description


I. Compare the overall survival (OS) of patients treated with sorafenib (sorafenib tosylate) and doxorubicin (doxorubicin hydrochloride) to that of those treated with sorafenib.


I. Compare time to progression (TTP) of patients treated with sorafenib and doxorubicin to that of those treated with sorafenib.

II. Compare progression-free-survival (PFS) of patients treated with sorafenib and doxorubicin to that of those treated with sorafenib.

III. Compare tumor response using Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors (RECIST) criteria of patients treated with sorafenib and doxorubicin to that of those treated with sorafenib.

OUTLINE: Patients are randomized to 1 of 2 treatment arms.

ARM I: Patients receive doxorubicin hydrochloride intravenously (IV) on day 1 and sorafenib tosylate orally (PO) once daily (QD) or twice daily (BID) on days 1-21. Treatment repeats every 21 days for 6 courses in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity. After 6 courses, patients may continue to receive sorafenib tosylate PO QD or BID in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.

ARM II: Patients receive sorafenib tosylate PO QD or BID on days 1-21. Courses repeat every 21 days in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.

After completion of study treatment, patients are followed up every 3 months for 1 year and then every 6 months for 2 years.

Participation Guidelines

18 Years - N/A

Eligibility Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

- Patients must have pathologically or cytologically proven hepatocellular carcinoma;
known mixed histology (e.g. hepatocellular carcinoma plus cholangiocarcinoma) or
fibrolamellar variant is not allowed

- Patients must have locally advanced or metastatic disease; locally advanced disease
is defined as disease deemed to be unresectable or non-eligible for transplant
without distant metastases

- Lesions must be accurately measurable in at least one dimension (longest diameter to
be recorded) as >= 2 cm with conventional techniques or as >= 1 cm with spiral
computed tomography (CT) scan

- No prior adjuvant sorafenib or other v-RAF-1 murine leukemia viral oncogene homolog
(Raf)/vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) inhibitors; other prior adjuvant
therapy is allowed if completed > 6 months prior to registration with documented
recurrence of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC)

- Patients may have been treated with loco regional therapies provided that they either

- A target lesion that has not been subjected to local therapy or

- The target lesion(s) within the field of the local therapy has shown an increase
of >= 20% in the size since last treatment

- Such therapy must be completed at least 4 weeks prior to registration;
patients that have received palliative radiation therapy to the bone need
not wait 4 weeks to begin protocol therapy

- Prior therapies allowed include the following:

- Bland embolization, radiation, radioactive microspheres, etc

- Chemoembolization using any chemotherapy (except, see below)

- Chemoembolization drug-eluting beads using doxorubicin

- Prior therapy with chemoembolization using doxorubicin in the non drug eluting
beads form is NOT allowed

- No prior systemic therapy for metastatic disease

- No prior exposure to systemic doxorubicin administered intravenously

- Antiviral treatment is allowed, however interferon therapy must be stopped at least 4
weeks prior to registration

- Allografts are not allowed: no prior history of any allograft, including but not
limited to liver and bone marrow transplants

- Patients must have completed any major surgery >= 4 weeks from registration

- Concomitant treatment with Rifampin or St John's Wort is not allowed; patients should
discontinue these drugs at least 4 weeks prior to registration

- No known central nervous system (CNS) tumors including brain metastases

- No clinically significant gastrointestinal bleeding events requiring intervention,
transfusion, or admission to hospital within 30 days prior to registration

- Patients with a history of hypertension should be well controlled (< 140/90 mmHg) on
a regimen of anti-hypertensive therapy

- Significant history of cardiac disease is not allowed:

- Congestive heart failure > class II New York Heart Association (NYHA)

- Myocardial infarction within 6 months prior to registration

- Serious myocardial dysfunction, defined as scintigraphically (multigated
acquisition scan [MUGA], myocardial scintigram) determined absolute left
ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) below 45% or an LVEF on echocardiogram
(ECHO) below the normal limit at the individual institution

- No history of bleeding diathesis

- Patients receiving combination anti-retroviral therapy for human immunodeficiency
virus (HIV) are excluded from the study

- Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status 0 or 1

- Pregnancy/nursing status: women who are pregnant should not go on study; women should
not breastfeed while participating in this study

- Granulocytes >= 1,500/uL

- Hemoglobin >= 8.5 g/dL; patients with recent or ongoing gastrointestinal bleed may
not be transfused to reach the entry hemoglobin of 8.5 g/dL; physicians should ensure
patients requiring transfusion prior to registration do not have an occult or
clinically apparent gastrointestinal bleed

- Platelets >= 75,000/uL

- Creatinine =< 1.5 x upper limit of normal (ULN) (or creatinine clearance calculated
>= 60 cc/minute)

- Child-Pugh score A; patients must meet all laboratory value requirements

- Bilirubin =< 3 mg/dL

- Alanine aminotransferase (ALT) and aspartate aminotransferase (AST) =< 5 x ULN

- Prothrombin time (PT)-international normalized ratio (INR) =< 1.7 (not required for
patients on anticoagulation agents; patients who are being therapeutically
anticoagulated with an agent such as Coumadin or heparin will be allowed to
participate provided that no prior evidence of underlying abnormality in these
parameters exists)
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
February 2010
Last Updated:
December 4, 2014
Study HIC#:

Clinicaltrials.gov ID: NCT01015833